Pug – Characteristics Temperament Health and Training


The Pug is a small breed of dog that was originally bred in China. They are known for their short muzzles, wrinkled skin, and curly tails. Pugs are considered to be friendly and playful dogs that make good pets for families. Pug puppies should be trained very firmly and properly because they are known to become stubborn as adults. Pug dogs can suffer from a variety of health problems, but these problems can usually be avoided through proper care.

Pug – Characteristics

A dog sitting on top of a grass covered field

Pug puppies are born black, but as they mature their coat becomes fawn or silver-grey with a black mask. Their curled tail matches the color of their muzzle and ears. Pug dogs have two coats consisting of a rough outer coat and a soft, fine undercoat. The Pug’s short muzzle can cause problems with breathing because Pug dogs cannot breathe properly through their noses. Pug dogs tend to wheeze, snore loudly, and overheat easily due to this fact. They have been given the nickname “Dutch Mastiff” because Pugs were bred from mastiffs in Asia so that they could be easily transported on boats without them suffocating from lack of air.

Pug Size

Pugs typically weigh between 13 and 18 pounds.

Pug Lifespan

The Pug has a lifespan of 10 to 14 years.

Pug Appearance

A dog wearing a hat looking at the camera

The Pug is a small dog with short legs and a flattened face with an upturned nose. Their coat is smooth and shiny and comes in a variety of colors including fawn, silver, apricot-fawn, or black. They have loose skin that forms wrinkles on their face when they are young, but this skin often becomes tighter as the Pug ages. Their eyes are large and dark, and their ears fold over onto their foreheads giving them a pug appearance.

Pug – Temperament

Pugs are known for being stubborn but lovable dogs. They are playful and make good pets for families with children. Pug puppies should be trained very firmly and properly because they are known to become stubborn as adults. Pug dogs can suffer from a variety of health problems, but these problems can usually be avoided through proper care. Pug owners should be prepared to deal with the following issues:

Pug dogs have a tendency to snore and wheeze due to their short muzzles.

Pug dogs overheat easily and should not be exercised in hot weather.

Pug dogs can be difficult to housebreak.

Pug dogs are prone to obesity.

Pug dogs can develop eye problems, including cataracts, and Pug dog owners should be prepared to pay for regular veterinary care.

Pug dogs can develop Pug Dog Encephalitis, a brain disease that causes seizures and other neurological problems as Pug puppies mature into adults.

Pug – Health

The Pug is a healthy breed of dog that experiences fewer genetic health issues than some breeds of dogs. Pug dog owners should be aware of Pug Dog Encephalitis, Pug Dog Hyperostosis, Pug Dog Back Problems, Pug Puppy Strangles, Pug Milk Fever, Mange Mites in Pugs, Cherry Eye, Dry Eye in Pugs, Reverse Sneezing in Pugs, and Umbilical Hernia.

Pug – Training

As with any breed of dog, Pug puppies should be obedience trained starting at an early age. Pug dogs can be difficult to housebreak, so patience and persistence are necessary. Pug dogs can be stubborn and difficult to train, so Pug dog owners should expect training to take a long time with Pug dogs. Pug dog owners should use positive reinforcement techniques when obedience training Pug puppies; otherwise, Pug puppies may become very stubborn as adults. Pug puppy training should always include socialization because Pugs tend to be protective of their owners. Pug dog owners should never hit Pug puppies, scream at Pug puppies, or use harsh training techniques because Pug dogs can become nervous and anxious as a result. Pug puppy training should always be conducted in a calm manner that encourages learning and cooperation from the Pug dog without causing fear or anxiety.

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